Rosacea is a skin disease that affects people over the age of 30. Characterized by redness on the nose, cheeks, chin and forehead, this is the most common and noticeable symptom of this skin disorder. Some people may also develop little bumps and pimples on the red parts of their faces. For others, they feel burning and soreness in their eyes.
Experts are still looking for the real causes of rosacea. This condition often affects fair-skinned individuals as well as those persons who blush easily. This skin condition also runs in the families.
Rosacea happens when something causes the blood vessels in the face to expand, causing redness. Things that cause a flare-up are called triggers.
What triggers rosacea and how do you tame these triggers?
- Sun exposure is the most common trigger of rosacea.
Tame the trigger: Limit your midday sun exposure. If you cannot avoid going out during the midday, bring umbrella or wear a broad-brimmed hat. Skin experts advise to apply gentle sunscreen, on those made for children with UVA and UVB protection as well as with SPF of at least 30.
- Changing weather condition may worsen rosacea in some people.
Tame the trigger: During summer, take most of your time inside an air-conditioned room. Sip cool water or chew ice chips. During winter season, cover your face with a scarf or ski mask. Applying moisturizer can also help in combating dry skin.
- Diet can activate rosacea. Spicy foods, hot beverages and alcoholic drinks are food linked to development of rosacea.
Tame the trigger: List down the food that causes your flare-ups. Also, keep track of the food you consume on a daily basis. By doing this you can figure out which foods or drinks, you have to avoid.
- Psychological stress can trigger rosacea, too.
Tame the trigger: De-stressing can relieve one from experiencing rosacea. Decreasing rosacea flare-ups by taking some deep breaths for it provides relaxation. Stretching can also help in releasing muscle tension. Occasionally, do some things that you enjoy.
- Some cosmetics and skin care products containing harsh ingredients can irritate the skin and contribute to formation of rosacea.
Tame the trigger: Read product labels. Avoid products with alcohol, witch hazel, menthol, peppermint, eucalyptus oil and fragrances. These ingredients can worsen your condition, making your skin burn, sting and increase redness to your face.
- Bathing habits such as excessive scrubbing, using hot water and harsh soaps can worsen rosacea.
Tame the trigger: Use lukewarm water when taking a bath. Choose mild or hypoallergenic soap to cleanse your body. Do not use abrasive cleanser for your face. Pat your skin to dry with a clean, soft cotton towel.
- Strenuous physical activity can activate rosacea for some people. This poses a challenge to patients with rosacea in keeping themselves physically fit.
Tame the trigger: Moderation is the key. If high-intensity workout can affect redness, decrease the intensity a bit. If long workouts can cause flare-ups, make your exercise routine into 15-minute chunks spread across the day.
- Certain medicines can cause reactions to the skin such as facial flushing. Blood pressure medicines and topical steroids are common examples of medicines that cause such side effect.
Tame the trigger: Tell your doctor about your condition so he or she may adjust the medications’ dosage or switch you to different medicines that are suited for your needs.
- Women with menopausal hot flashes may experience rosacea symptoms.
Tame the trigger: Women experiencing this condition should dress in light layers and wear breathable fabrics. Turning down the thermostat can also help.
- Other illnesses such as colds, coughs and fever can cause rosacea flare-ups.
Tame the trigger: Consult your doctor for other treatment options whenever you have these illnesses.
Knowing these triggers can help better in treating rosacea. Treating this condition will make your skin look and feel better. However, if rosacea gets worse, consult a doctor for medical help.