Glaucoma is one of the common eye disorders known today. It involves the damage of the optic nerve, the nerve that connects the eye to the brain. Due to eye damage, vision is impaired in a person with glaucoma. The following are the causes, signs and symptoms, and home remedies for glaucoma.
Glaucoma is due to increased intraocular or eye pressure. As per Medicine Net, this pressure elevation leas to optic nerve damage. In anatomy and physiology, the optic nerve is situated behind the eye and it serves as the primary nerve for vision. Also, the optic nerve transmits the images people see to the brain for signal interpretation. In terms of pressure, low pressure leads to softening of the eye while an increased pressure leads to hardening of the eye. Due to high pressure, the sensitive optic nerve fibers are easily damaged. The elevated pressure may also be due to excessive fluid production in the eye and this also leads to optic nerve damage.
Signs and Symptoms
Glaucoma presents several symptoms. The symptoms depend on the angle if it is open or closed. For open-angle glaucoma, the symptoms include visual acuity deteriorates when the disease advances or progresses and loss of peripheral vision. Then, angle-closure glaucoma presents blurred vision, severe eye and headache, vomiting, nausea and sudden sight loss.
While eyedrop pills,medications, laser, or incisional surgery are part of the treatment regimen for glaucoma, the condition may be alleviated by home remedies.
One remedy for glaucoma is eating a healthy diet. According to Mayo Clinic, a healthy diet consists of various vitamins and minerals that are important to the eyes. Examples of vitamin-rich food sources include dark green leafy vegetables. Vitamin A also promotes vision, so consumption of foods like squash and carrots will enhance eye health.
Another remedy for glaucoma is intake of omega-3. According to Mercola, docosahexaenoic acid or DHA helps safeguard and improve a person;s retinal function. As per the publication, DHA is confined in the retina and has been recognized as useful in the prevention of macular degeneration, a major cause of blindness. Omega-3 can be found in fish and krill oil. The publication does not recommended eating fish due to mercury and toxin issues.
Fennel is another glaucoma remedy. According to Home Made Medicine, the plant, which is commonly used for salads, is a good herb of choice for visual impairment like glaucoma. As per the publication, fennel is consumed by snakes when they shed their skin. In the process, they temporarily lose their vision and they eat fennel to restore it.
Glaucoma can also be relieved by taking cayenne. As per Home Made Medicine, cayenne has anti-inflammatory properties for the mucus membrane and using them in small amounts (usually in eye drop form) promotes blood circulation in the eye.
Exercise and Rest
A balance between movement and rest also helps relieve the symptoms of glaucoma. According to Mayo Clinic, exercise helps decrease eye pressure in open–angle glaucoma; however, the person should talk to his doctor about a suitable fitness program. Then, the person should also sleep with his head mildly raised, about 20 degrees, to reduce intraocular pressure.
Overall, glaucoma refers to an eye condition, in which the optic nerve becomes damaged. As a result, the person’s activities of daily living will be negatively affected. Thus, it is best to control the condition by seeking medical consult for proper assessment, planning, intervention, education, and evaluation