The thyroid gland is the butterfly shaped gland located under the Adam’s apple in the neck. Goiter is the abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. This can occur for different reasons. It can be caused by an imbalance in the thyroid gland. The thyroid can be producing too much hormone also known as hyperthyroidism or not producing enough hormones also known as hypothyroidism. The thyroid gland is an essential part of our body, it produces the hormones we need to function. It controls how fast or how slow our metabolism rate is. When our thyroid gland is enlarged, it usually means it is not functioning properly. Goiter affects other areas in the neck such as the esophagus and the trachea. This makes it hard to swallow and breathe. Goiters can be removed surgically. This is common in the elderly and women.
Living with Goiter
Your symptoms may differ from what type of goiter you have. People who have hyperthyroidism can have insomnia, fast metabolism and jitters. People who have hypothyroidism can have fatigue, constipation and hard time concentrating.
Tips for maintaining thyroid health
– Avoid drinking tap water, fluoride and perchlorate found in tap water can aggravate goiter symptoms.
– Eat healthy, eat protein rich food to help build up wear down from overactive thyroid. Eat a low fat diet for weight gain due to hypothyroidism.
– Give up the unhealthy habit of smoking, not only is bad for the lungs it also damages the thyroid.
– Reduce stress. Stress can trigger production of hormones in the bod .
– Do not feed babies soy based formulas. This is said to trigger thyroid disease.
– Soy isoflavones trigger hypothyroidism, goiter and nodules. Limit your consumption of soy based ingredients.
– Get the needed iodine. People with hypothyroid needs higher amount of iodine than people with hyperthyroid. Ask the Doctor of the amounts of iodine you need daily.
Goiter is difficult to live with, this can alter your whole body’s system. If you have symptoms of goiter, go to the doctor. They will ask for a blood test to determine your FT3, FT4 and THS levels. This will determine if you have a hypo or hyperthyroidism.