Diagnosing acne is not as simple as it seems. This condition does not only affect you physically but also make impact on your confidence. When do we know if the blemishes and redness on our face become actual acne? How different is this condition as against to the breakouts happen when women have their monthly period.
In this report, we will reveal the difference between cystic and hormonal acne. Likewise, we will give you pointers on the proper treatment required for both conditions to prevent them from recurring.
Cystic acne is characterized as large, red and painful breakouts deep in the skin. This kind of acne develops when your pores in your skin are clogged. When acne bacteria are trapped, they cause redness and inflammation. This creates a chain reaction in the skin, spreading more acne bacteria and more breakouts.
The cause of cystic acne can be hormonal as androgen play a role in its development. During puberty, androgen increases. This leads to changes in the skin that can result to acne. In women, hormone changes are brought by menstrual cycles, pregnancy, menopause or a condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
Other factors that cause cystic acne include genetics, humidity and the use of pore-clogging cosmetics, cleansers and lotions.
If left untreated, cystic acne can linger for years, which can affect large areas of the skin and leave permanent marks and scars.
There are several ways to treat cystic acne. Follow these guidelines to become a pimple-free you.
- Exfoliate regularly. Gentle exfoliation should be done every other day as it helps remove bacteria without drying your skin.
- Get the needed sunshine and wear sun protection. Spend a few minutes under the sun as the UV light helps kill bacteria. Don’t forget to wear proper sun protection, the non-comedogenic ones to keep you protected.
- Incorporate probiotic skincare. Look for skin care products that contain probiotic to help balance the body. Using probiotic products will regulate bacteria levels at and below the skin’s surface.
- Take probiotics. Taking probiotics helps in regulating bacterial level in the body. It also adds another layer of protection in the body.
- Wash your face with cold water. Cold water calms inflammation and redness brought by zits. Gently wash your face twice daily to get rid of dirt and bacteria.
- Avoid touching your cysts. Never touch your cysts or pick them. You may add more to the infection that can lead to further breakouts.
- Relax. Too much stress contributes to the release of more hormones in the body, making your acne worse.
- Lead a healthy life. Get enough sleep and exercise. Other studies suggest going for a low-glycemic diet as this kind of diet limits sugar intake, relieving symptoms of acne.
This kind of acne occurs when hormones estrogen, testosterone and androgen drop naturally throughout a 30-day cycle. An increase in testosterone level and a decrease in estrogen happen the skin produces more oil. The overproduction of oil creates congestion that builds acne-causing bacteria. Most women are prescribed to take oral contraceptive pills or another medication known as spironolactone.
Here are the recommended treatments for hormonal acne.
- Balance your hormone. Find products with hormone balancing ingredients since the specific cause of your acne is hormonal in nature. Refrain from generic acne products because they will work against your condition.
- Look for phytoestrogens. Treat hormonal acne topically by incorporating phytoestrogen products to your current skincare regimen. Phytoestrogens are naturally occurring, plant-based hormones that safely treat hormonal acne without entering the bloodstream. They bring back balance to the skin, regulate production of oil as well as eliminate bacteria that cause acne breakouts.
- Go natural. Look for natural and organic products to ensure purest ingredients possible as well as prevent side-effects.
- Take oral contraceptives. If you are diagnosed with hormonal acne, your doctor will prescribe you to take oral contraceptives. They are considered as effective treatment for acne in many women. Taking this medication is not an overnight process. Hence, give this treatment time to work at least three months before judging their impact on your acne.